December 20, 1860 – South Carolina is the first state to secede from the Union

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February 4, 1861 – Peace Conference to try to resolve the question of slavery in the states was held at the Willard Hotel in Washington, D.C.

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April 12-14, 1861 – Bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter, and beginning of Civil War

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May 24, 1861 – First casualty of the Civil is Elmer Ellsworth, Lincoln’s former law clerk and a New York Zouave, killed in Alexandria, Virginia

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March – July, 1862 – Peninsula Campaign pitting Union Army under George McClellan mounting an attack by water down the Chesapeake Bay against Richmond defended by Confederate General Joseph Johnston

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May 31, 1862 – Confederate forces clash with Union forces at the Battle of Seven Pines near Richmond with the result that Confederate General Joseph F. Johnson is badly wounded and is replaced by Confederate General Robert E. Lee

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August 29-30, 1862 – the Union Army under General John Pope is defeated at the Second Battle of Bull Run (also called the Second Battle of Manassas) by Confederate forces led by Stonewall Jackson and General James Longstreet

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