April 12-14, 1861 – Bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter, and beginning of Civil War

• April 7, 2011 • Leave a Comment

May 31, 1862 – Confederate forces clash with Union forces at the Battle of Seven Pines near Richmond with the result that Confederate General Joseph F. Johnson is badly wounded and is replaced by Confederate General Robert E. Lee

• April 6, 2011 • Leave a Comment

August 29-30, 1862 – the Union Army under General John Pope is defeated at the Second Battle of Bull Run (also called the Second Battle of Manassas) by Confederate forces led by Stonewall Jackson and General James Longstreet

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September 17, 1862 – in the bloodiest single day of the Civil War, the Union Army under General George B. McClellan and the Confederate Army under General Robert E. Lee fight to a standstill at the Battle of Antietam in Sharpsburg, Maryland. Afterwards, Lincoln visits McClellan at Antietam Battlefield.

• April 6, 2011 • Leave a Comment

June 3, 1863 – Mosby’s Rangers or Raiders (43rd Battalion Virginia Cavalry) was organized by Col. John S. Mosby, also known as the “Grey Ghost”, at Rector’s Crossroads in Loudoun County, Virginia as a partisan force to harass and disrupt the Union Army in Northern Virginia. Several days later on June 9th, 1863, the largest cavalry battle of the Civil War occurs at Brandy Station near Culpeper, Virginia

• April 6, 2011 • Leave a Comment

July 1-3, 1863 – After Pickett’s charge fails to break the center of the Union army led by General Meade on the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg in the bloodiest battle of the Civil War, General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate army are forced to retreat back across the Potomac River to Virginia

• April 6, 2011 • Leave a Comment